Micro encapsulation is a technique used in the beauty and cosmetics industry to improve the delivery of active ingredients in products such as skincare and haircare. It involves enclosing active ingredients in tiny capsules or particles, which are then incorporated into the product formulation. This helps to protect the active ingredients from degradation and enhances their stability and effectiveness.
The process of micro encapsulation involves creating a protective shell around the active ingredient using materials such as lipids, polymers, or proteins. The shell is designed to be stable and insoluble, allowing it to protect the active ingredient from exposure to air, light, and other environmental factors that can cause degradation. Micro encapsulation can be used to deliver a wide range of active ingredients, including vitamins, antioxidants, and peptides. By encapsulating these active ingredients, they can be delivered to the skin or hair more effectively, leading to better results. For example, micro encapsulated vitamin C can penetrate deeper into the skin and provide greater antioxidant protection than non-encapsulated vitamin C.
Micro encapsulation can also be used to create time-released delivery systems, allowing active ingredients to be released gradually over time. This can help to prolong the effects of the product and improve its overall performance. In addition to skincare and haircare products, micro encapsulation is also used in other areas of the beauty industry, such as fragrance. Fragrance micro encapsulation involves enclosing fragrance molecules in tiny capsules, which are then incorporated into products such as perfumes and body sprays. This can help to prolong the scent and improve its longevity.